Parathyroid Disease: Hyperparathyroidism & Hypoparathyroidism

Blood calcium levels play a very important role in many bodily functions. These include bone building, liver function, heart and muscle strength and even how blood clots. The parathyroid gland sits next to the thyroid gland in the neck. They continuously monitor your blood calcium level, and produce parathyroid hormone (PTH) to correct and maintain a proper calcium level. People typically have four parathyroid glands. Health problems may arise when there is an excess or lack of parathyroid hormone.
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Is My Thyroid OK?

The specialists at the Nevada Thyroid Institute treat thousands of patients with thyroid disorders every year. We take pride in the care we provide, as well as our high approval ratings on patient satisfaction surveys.
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Hyperthyroidism is more correctly called thyrotoxicosis and results from elevations in the concentration of thyroid hormones in the blood. It results in illness due to acceleration of body metabolism.
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A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
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Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, below the larynx (“Adam’s Apple”) and above the collarbones. Thyroid cancer (carcinoma) usually appears as a painless lump in this area. In most cases, the lump affects only one side, and the results of thyroid function tests (blood tests) are usually normal.
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Thyroid Nodule

The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, below the larynx (“Adam’s apple”) and above the collarbone. A thyroid nodule is a lump in or on the thyroid gland. Thyroid nodules are common and detected in about 6.4% of women and 1.5% of men; they are less common in younger patients and occur 10 times as often in older individuals, but are usually not diagnosed.
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Thyroid Uptake and Scan

This test is used to determine the cause of hyperthyroidism. Because administration of very small doses of radioactive iodine is involved, women of reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test before the test can be performed. The doses of radioactive iodine involved in this test are very low, and do not pose a risk to the patient or individuals they come in contact with.
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